Party manifesto pledges

Overview of proposed housing policy in the three major party manifestos

Party manifestos

Housebuilding target1.6m homes in England (320k per year)1.5m homes in England (300k per year)380,000 per year across the UK, including 150,000 social homes
Rental reform
  • Deliver court reforms to abolish Section 21 ‘no fault’ evictions
  • Strengthen grounds for landlords to evict private tenants guilty of anti-social behaviour
  • Ban ‘no fault’ evictions
  • Raise PRS standards, including extending Awaab’s Law – which requires social housing landlords to address dangerous hazards quickly – to PRS
  • Ban ‘no fault’ evictions
  • Default tenancy of three years
  • Create national register of licenced landlords
Rent controls/capsNo mentionNo mention, but renters will be able to challenge ‘unreasonable’ rent increasesNo mention
ESG policy
  • Abolish nutrient neutrality rules; developers would be required to pay a ‘one-off mitigation fee’ to avoid additional pollution
  • Invest £6bn in energy efficiency over three years and fund energy efficiency vouchers for households to improve their homes
  • PRS homes must meet minimum energy efficiency standards by 2030
  • Invest £6.6bn over five years to improve energy efficiency in 5 million homes
  • Offer grants and low interest loans to support investment in insulation, solar panels, batteries, low carbon heating, etc.
  • Work with private sector to offer private finance for home upgrades
  • Unlock homes affected by nutrient neutrality without weakening environmental protections
  • 10-year emergency upgrade programme to improve energy efficiency, including free insulation and heat pumps for those on low incomes
  • Incentives for households to install solar panels
  • Ensure all new homes are zero-carbon
  • Require up to 100% biodiversity net gain for large developments


General election

  • Cap ground rents at £250, reducing them to peppercorn over time
  • Require continuation of developer-funded remediation programmes in mid- and high-rise buildings
  • Abolish leaseholds and make commonhold the default tenure in flats
  • End ‘unregulated and unaffordable’ ground rent charges
  • Review leaseholder protections and accelerate remediation programme, funded by ‘those responsible’
  • Abolish residential leaseholds
  • Cap ground rents to a nominal fee
  • Remove dangerous cladding and protect leaseholders from paying for it
  • Raise density levels in inner London; regenerate major sites like Euston, Old Oak Common and Thamesmead
  • Create locally-led urban development corporations with the private sector; support delivery of new quarters in Leeds, Liverpool and York
  • Consider extending full-expensing to brownfield housing delivery
  • Require councils to set aside land for SMEs
  • Scrap Section 106 ‘on more smaller sites’
  • Require Infrastructure Levy to be used to deliver necessary infrastructure to support new homes
  • Brownfield-first approach, fast-tracking approval of urban brownfield sites
  • A ‘new generation of new towns’ across England
  • Reform compulsory purchase compensation rules to ensure landowners are awarded ‘fair compensation’ rather than values based on the prospect of planning permission
  • Support for councils and housing associations to ‘build to their capacity’ and deliver more affordable housing
  • Prioritise new social rented homes
  • Build 10 new garden cities
  • Allow councils to buy land for housing based on current use value through reform of Land Compensation Act 1961
  • Encourage use of rural exception sites to expand rural housing
  • Encourage brownfield development with financial incentives, ensuring affordable housing is included
  • Introduce ‘use-it-or-lose-it’ planning permission
  • Fast-track planning for new homes on previously developed land in 20 largest cities
  • ‘Strong design codes’ to encourage gentle densification
  • Simplify planning process for self-builds
  • Housing targets to be made mandatory
  • Strengthen presumption in favour of sustainable development
  • Fund additional planning officers
  • Require all combined and mayoral authorities to strategically plan for housing growth in their areas; new planning powers to be given to combined authorities
  • Strengthen obligations to deliver more affordable housing in new developments
  • Expand Neighourhood Planning across England
  • ‘Properly fund’ local planning departments
  • Allow local authorities to set their own fees, ensuring that housing is not built in high flood risk areas without mitigation
Green beltProtect Green Belt and never require councils to remove Green Belt protections
  • Preserve green belt in general
  • Release lower quality ‘grey belt’ land for housebuilding
Identify a new ‘Wild Belt’ ‘for nature’s recovery’
  • Make permanent the £425,000 first-time buyer Stamp Duty threshold, introduced in 2022
  • New Help to Buy scheme, offering an equity loan of up to 20% to first-time buyers; to be part-funded by contributions from housebuilders
  • Continue Mortgage Guarantee Scheme
  • Preserve Right to Buy
  • Give first-time buyers priority when buying a home
  • Make Mortgage Guarantee Scheme permanent for first-time buyers
  • Review Right to Buy discounts introduced in 2012
  • Introduce a ‘Rent to Own’ model for social housing, where rent payments give tenants an increasing stake in their property, owning it outright after 30 years
  • Give local authorities the power to end Right to Buy
Other pledges
  • Renew Affordable Homes Programme
  • Introduce ‘Local Connection’/’UK Connection’ test for social housing in England
  • Two-year Capital Gains Tax relief for landlords who sell to tenants
  • End rough sleeping through the Local Authority Housing Fund; review quality of temporary accommodation
  • Ensure councils have powers to manage ‘uncontrolled growth of holiday lets’, as previously announced
  • Increase to stamp duty surcharge paid by non-UK residents
  • Update Affordable Homes Programme to unlock more homes from existing funding
  • End rough sleeping and scrap Vagrancy Act
  • Invest in skills, training and new technologies (such as modular housing) in the construction sector
  • Ensure councils have powers to control second homes and short-term lets in their areas
  • Social renter protection, including ‘clear standards’ for socially rented homes and fully recognising tenant panels to give renters a voice in landlord governance



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